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Cashmere carpet

Their story
Carpet production in India dates back only to the reigns of Mughal emperors in the 16th and 17th centuries. The few rare examples preserved in museums give an idea of their splendor and their artistic quality, close to Mughal miniatures. These rugs were made by Persian craftsmen who came to settle in India at the instigation of Emperor Akbar. In the 20th century, English traders from the Compagnie des Indes set up carpet factories in the main cities where the labor of young children was underpaid. As elsewhere, they imposed models adapted to Western taste, a sort of synthesis of Indian and Persian motifs, and lowered the level of manufacturing quality to obtain the lowest possible cost price. Since Independence, the production set up by State bodies has found quality criteria and respects the cultural particularities of each region. Kashmir knotters have a lot of imagination, they create original carpets that are often the expression of the refined folk art of ancient shawls. The soft harmony of the colors, the balance of the compositions, the finesse of the design of the patterns make these rugs endearing works that fit in both an old and contemporary decor. However, the production of copies of foreign carpets remains important to meet the demand of the foreign market.
Where are they made?
The most beautiful Cashmere carpets come out of the workshops of Srinagar, the production of which is abundant to meet both the demands of tourism and Western markets.
How to distinguish them?
Cashmere carpets are made of a silky and fine wool from the down of certain goats. The silk comes from China. For making these rugs, a Persian knot is used. The pile of Cashmere rugs is made of a mixture of very tight and very short wool and silk threads. On these carpets, we very often find soft colors with extremely delicate ranges of soft pink, light beige, ivory, yellow and sky blue. The finest silk carpets take up the characteristic designs of the old shawls with sometimes the boteh motif. Some rugs consist of a central medallion in the middle of a scattering of flowers or patterns inspired by Buddhism and its legends, gods and goddesses with a sacred text in Sanskrit serving as the border of the rug.

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